Oppositional defiance is when children act out persistently, often causing serious problems at home, in school, or with peers. Oppositional behavior is a normal part of development for two to three year old children and early adolescents. Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), there is an ongoing pattern of uncooperative, defiant, and hostile behavior toward authority figures that seriously interferes with the child's day to day functioning. ODD usually starts before 8 years of age, but no later than by about 12 years of age. Children with ODD are more likely to act oppositional or defiant around people they know well, such as a family member, a regular care provider, or a teacher.
Examples of ODD behaviors include:
- Often being angry or losing one’s temper, frequent temper tantrums
- Often resentful, spiteful, resentful
- Excessive arguing with adults
- Often questioning rules
- Mean and hateful talking when upset
- Deliberately attempt to annoy or upset people